Location: Between our legs facing downwards.
Indian name: Muladhara
Gland governed: Adrenal. Deals with the excretory system and also blood distribution. It has a dominating influence on body temperature.
Mental-emotional aspect: It is our rooting chakra. Gives us the will to live life enthusiastically.
Malfunctioning results in: Lack of enthusiasm and stamina. Life is viewed as a burden. Over functioning often results in aggression, violence and a need to dominate.
Location: Two inches below the navel.
Indian name: Swadhishta
Gland governed: Gonads. Deals with reproductive system and its organs
Creative expression of being is dealt with by the sacral chakra.
Malfunctioning results in: Unfulfilling relationships, uncertainty, lack of confidence and emotional paralysis.
Location: Upper part of the abdomen.
Indian name: Manipura
Gland governed: Pancreas. Controls digestive system. Associated with lower back. Plays an important role in the digestion of food. The pancreas secretes insulin, which regulates the amount of blood sugar in the body. So this is an important chakra for diabetics.
Mental-emotional aspect: This chakra plays an important role in the formation of our personality. It is also our mood center. When the chakra is open we feel joy and inner richness but a blocked solar plexus results in gloom and depression. This acts as our shock absorber where trauma shocks are absorbed so that we do not collapse.
Malfunctioning results in: A desire to manipulate and control. Frequent mood swings occur resulting in an unstable personality
Location: Centre of the chest
Indian name: Anahata
Gland governed: Thymus. Organs – heart, lower areas of the lungs. Regulates circulation. Also strengthens the immune system.
Mental-emotional aspect: Unconditional love, emotional warmth and sincerity, generosity. A very important chakra, this is at the center of the chakra system. Once this chakra is open its helps in the healthy functioning of the other chakras.
Malfunctioning results in: A desire to manipulate and control. Frequent mood swings occur resulting in an unstable personality.
Location: The throat.
Colour: Light blue
Indian name: Vishuddha
Gland governed: Thyroid. Governs the neck, throat, ears, trachea, bronchial tubes, upper lungs and esophagus.
Mental-emotional aspect: Communication and creative expression. An open throat chakra helps us to effectively communicate our inner-most thoughts and feelings without fear. Creativity is also an aspect of this chakra. Outward expression of this creativity requires an open throat chakra.
Malfunctioning results in: Inability to express oneself. Fear of and dependence on the opinions of others resulting in withdrawal into oneself.
Third Eye or Forehead Chakra
Location: Centre of the forehead
Indian name: Ajna
Gland governed: Pituitary. The left eye, nose, ears, sinuses, cerebellum and the central nervous system, all come under this gland. .
Mental-emotional aspect: It is our intuition centre. An open third eye chakra results in a composed mind. Advanced intellectual skills when this chakra is healthy.
Malfunctioning results in: An over dependence on rationality and the intellect and a lack of spirituality. There is a rejection of everything that cannot be proven scientifically. A considerably large block in this chakra causes a low intellect and a confused mind. The person will be overly materialistic.
Location: Top of the head
Indian name: Sahasrara
Gland governed: Pineal. Affects the upper brain and right eye.
Mental-emotional aspect: Spirituality. A sense of unity with the divine. The consciousness is completely calm and open.
Malfunctioning results in: A feeling of separation and a feeling of being abandoned. An uncertainty and lack of purpose ensues. Such people could become hyper active since they feel they have to justify their existence.